Town between Cairo and Luxor, once the capital of the thirteenth Upper Egyptian nome. Only a few rock-cut tombs remain from the original town, dating from the 1st Intermediate Period till the Ramesside Period. They were often built to resemble rock temples, consisting of a forecourt with columns, a number of rooms leading off each other (sometimes quite large) and an offering chamber with several chapels for the cult statues. Underneath these are the actual burial chambers, also often consisting of several rooms. Some tombs also have a valley temple and processional way, as confirmed by a number of sources. Textual evidence indicates that as early as the 1st Intermediate Period the town had a temple dedicated to Wepwawet. Only some blocks dating from the New Kingdom have been found, however. Relatively little of the town itself has been excavated.