Village in the western Delta (actually called el-Rashid), where in 1799 a stone was found with three languages on it: Greek, Demotic and Hieroglyphic. This stone, still known by the place it was found, would play a key role in the decipherment of the hieroglyphs because, as it quickly turned out, it was the same text that was recorded in the three languages on the stone. Various scholars, such as the Frenchman De Sacy, the Swede Åkerblad and the Englishman Thomas Young made attempts to translate it, with the latter in particular making significant progress. It was the French scholar Champollion, however, who eventually made the crucial breakthrough. The results of this he described in 1822 in his famous 'Lettre à M. Dacier'. The text on the stone is a decree issued at Memphis in honour of Ptolemy V Epiphany, which was to be displayed in every temple in Egypt. It bears a date that corresponds with 27 March 196 BC. The Rosetta Stone, possibly once on display in Sais in the Delta, is now in the British Museum in London. The stone is 114 cm high and made of black granite.