Name of the mortuary temple of Ramesses II on the west bank of the Nile opposite Luxor. The axis of the building is orientated towards the courtyard added to the temple of Luxor by Ramesses II. The building is a typical New Kingdom temple, with a clear axis with pylons, courtyards, and a hypostyle hall, then three vestibules, the first of which is famous for its astronomical ceiling, and finally a chamber for the bark and the actual holy of holies. Like all New Kingdom mortuary temples, the cult area is divided into three zones: the central one is dedicated to Amun and the divine king, whereas the northern and southern zones are dedicated to Re and Osiris, respectively. Adjacent to the north wall of the hypostyle hall is a small double temple originally built by Sethos I and re-dedicated by Ramesses II to his parents, Sethos and Tuya. Further, there was a palace and numerous magazines (for storing wine, honey and oil, among other things), granaries and workshops. Part of the magazines behind the Ramesseum was built over several minor Middle Kingdom shaft tombs in which many papyri were found. In the Greek period the temple was known as the tomb of Ozymandias.